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Design_Pattern - Singleton Pattern

Singleton pattern is one of the simplest design patterns in Java. This type of design pattern comes under creational pattern as this pattern provides one of the best ways to create an object.

This pattern involves a single class which is responsible to create an object while making sure that only single object gets created. This class provides a way to access its only object which can be accessed directly without instantiating the object of the class.


We are going to create a SingleObject class which has its constructor as private and a static instance of itself.

SingleObject class provides a static method to get its static instance to outside world. SingletonPatternDemo, our demo class, will use SingleObject class to get a SingleObject object.

Step 1

Create a Singleton Class.

public class SingleObject {
//create an object of SingleObject
private static SingleObject instance = new SingleObject();
//make the constructor private so that this class cannot be
private SingleObject(){}
//Get the only object available
public static SingleObject getInstance(){
return instance;
public void showMessage(){
System.out.println("Hello World!");

Step 2

Get the only object from the singleton class.

public class SingletonPatternDemo {
public static void main(String[] args) {
//illegal construct
//Compile Time Error: The constructor SingleObject() is not visible
//SingleObject object = new SingleObject();
//Get the only object available
SingleObject object = SingleObject.getInstance();
//show the message

Step 3

Verify the output.

Hello World!
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