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1.What is Java Interface Definition Language (IDL) ?

A set of Java APIs that provide CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture) interoperability and connectivity capabilities for the J2EE platform. These capabilities enable J2EE applications to invoke operations on remote network services using the OMG IDL and IIOP.

2.What is Java Media APIs ?

A set of APIs that support the integration of audio and video clips, 2D fonts, graphics, and images as well as 3D models and telephony.

3.What is Java Media Framework ?

The core framework supports clocks for synchronizing between different media (e.g., audio and video output). The standard extension framework allows users to do full audio and video streaming.

4.What is Java Naming and Directory Interface (JNDI) ?

A set of APIs that assists with the interfacing to multiple naming and directory services.

5.What is Java Native Interface ?

A standard programming interface for writing Java native methods and embedding the JVM into native applications. The primary goal is binary compatibility of native method libraries across all JVM implementations on a given platform.

6.What is Java Platform ?

Consists of class libraries, a Java virtual machine (JVM) and class loader (which comprise the runtime environment) and a compiler, debugger and other tools (which comprise the development kit). In addition, the runtime platform is subject to a set of compatibility requirements to ensure consistent and compatible implementations. Implementations that meet the compatibility requirements may qualify for Sun's targeted compatibility brands. Java 2 is the current generation of the Java Platform.

7.What is Java Platform Editions ?

A Java platform "edition" is a definitive and agreed-upon version of the Java platform that provides the functionality needed over a broad market segment. An edition is comprised of two kinds of API sets: (i) "core packages," which are essential to all implementations of a given platform edition, and (ii) "optional packages," which are available for a given platform edition and which may be supported in a compatible implementation.

There are 3 distinct editions of the Java Platform:

  • Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition:
    The edition of the Java platform that is targeted at enterprises to enable development, deployment, and management of multi-tier server-centric applications.
  • Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition:
    The edition of the Java platform that is targeted at small, standalone or connectable consumer and embedded devices to enable development, deployment, and management of applications that can scale from smart cards through mobile devices and set-top boxes to conventional computing devices.
  • Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition:
    The edition of the Java platform that enables development, deployment, and management of cross-platform, general-purpose applications.

8.What is Java Remote Method Invocation (RMI) ?

A distributed object model for Java program to Java program, in which the methods of remote objects written in the Java programming language can be invoked from other Java virtual machines1, possibly on different hosts.

9.What is Java Runtime Environment (JRE) ?

A subset of the Java Development Kit (JDK) for end-users and developers who want to redistribute the runtime environment alone. The Java runtime environment consists of the Java virtual machine1, the Java core classes, and supporting files.

10.What is Java virtual machine ?

A software "execution engine" that safely and compatibly executes the byte codes in Java class files on a microprocessor (whether in a computer or in another electronic device).

11.What is JavaBeans ?

A portable, platform-independent reusable component model. A component that conforms to this model is called a bean.

12.What is JavaCheck ?

A tool for checking compliance of applications and applets to a specification.









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